Weland, Volund or Wayland is the Smith-God of the North; he is one of three brothers, AEgil the Archer and Slagfithr being the other two. All three brothers are wed to Valkyrie-Wives – Swan-Maidens. In the surviving myth of Volund he is imprisoned by Nidhad but eventually escapes by creating a set of wings by which he can fly. Before he does so he seduces the daughter of Nidhad who bears his child Widia. Wayland forges the sword Miming or Mimung for his son, which means ‘Memory of Ing’, or ‘Son of Memory’.
The etymology of the name ‘Weland’ is interesting; basically it can stem from the PGmc *welan which means ‘to work with craft’. Weland is a sword-smith and black-smith as well as working with precious metals. But there are also other roots that bear out his Archetypal Myth –
*volare – to fly,
*volo – to strive, to want,
*volo – will
IE Root *wel– to see, appearance; to wish, to will; to turn, to roll.
OE wel, well – according to one’s wish,
OE wela/weola – well-being, riches,
EO Willa – desire, will-power.
The Myth of Weland is based around the power of Will; Weland overcomes everything thrown at him and escapes from his prison through pure will-power and overcoming. In these root-words we find his being able to ‘fly’, to ‘strive’ (to overcome), to ‘will’, and even the meaning ‘to turn’ or ‘to roll’ fits his mythology in that a Volundr-House is a spiral maze.
In a website http://www.atlanticreligion.com we find that Weland was known in Northern Ireland through the Ulster Cycle. He is known there as Cuillean/Guillean, a name that can be pronounced as ‘Whallin’ or ‘Wellin’. He is said to have originated in the Isle of Man at the time of Conchubar mac Nessa who was afterwards King of Ulster. The most famous Ulster Hero is of course CuChullain, whose name means ‘Hound of Cullean’. Like the name AEngus found associated with Newgrange and the Boyne, here we find another Teutonic link with Ireland.
The area around Wayland’s Smithy can be found names associated with the Myth of Weland –
Two miles north of the Smithy, according to the Woolstone Charter, is a place called Beahhilde Byrigels – ‘Beahhilde’s Barrow’ – named after the daughter of Nidhad.
The tenth-century Compton Beauchamp Charter mentions a natural rise north of the Icknield Way called Hwittuces Hlaew – Witticka’s Howe – Witega/Widia being the son of Weland.
In a charter of Woolstone and Ashbury we find a Weardes Beorh -‘Wades Burgh’ – named after the father of Weland the Smith.
Again, in an Ashbury and Uffington Charter we find mention of an Eceles Beorh -‘AEgil’s Burgh’ – named after the brother of Weland the Smith.
The whole area around Wayland’s Smithy seems to re-enact the Myth of Sigurd the Dragon-Slayer; Weland forged the Sword of Sigurd at Wayland’s Smithy. It does not matter that the long-barrow is between 5000 and 3000 years old, it is still part of our Teutonic Heritage because the later peoples merely recalled their ancestral heritage linked to these sites. The area was occupied by a Teutonic Tribe called the Uffingas (Wulfingas) who also ruled over East Anglia (Wuffingas). The names ‘Uffa’ and ‘Wuffa’ mean ‘wolf’; even the local village, Woolstone, is most likely a corruption of ‘Wolf’s Stone’. The Wulfingas were an offshoot of the Wolsungas, so is it really a coincidence that this area is linked to the Wolsunga Saga?
Like the Wuffingas of East Anglia, there seems to be some link between this tribe and the Iceni who dwelt in the same area, some kind of continuum. The two are linked through the Icknield Street which is an Old English name originally Icenhilde Weg where Icen is the ‘Iceni’, hilde means ‘battle’, probably linked to the famous battle where Boudicca fought the Romans, and the two areas are linked by this so-called ‘Roman Road’. A lot of the south coastal areas were linked in ancient times through the Belgae who were a Germano-Celtic mixture of tribes whose capital was at Winchester, the later Capital of the West Saxons. The Wuffingas have traces of Swedish influence, and thus we can assume that the Uffingas were also linked to Sweden. We have Swedish influence around East Sussex and the Long Man of Wilmington, so we can assume that the whole of the South of England had some kind of occupation by tribes connected to Sweden. Sweden was ruled by the Inglingas – ‘Sons of Ing’ – the Teutonic God who gave his name to the English and to England.
The name ‘Weland’ or ‘Volund’ has associations with the dead, as seen in the Root *val-/*vol meaning ‘dead’ as in ‘Valhalla’. Weland is one of the figures who is chained in the Underworld, by an Underworld being, in this case Nidhad. This name derives from –
nith – ‘lack of honour’, ‘evil’,
IE Root *nau- meaning ‘death’, ‘necessity’, or ‘distress’.
These all stem from the Nyd-Rune or Nauthiz Rune relating to ‘need’, ‘necessity’, ‘distress’ and ‘death’. There is also a root *nud which means ‘to drive’ and this is the essence of the Nyd-Rune which is the overcoming of all obstacles, of distress and of need through the Power of Will. The name ‘Nidhad’ has the same root as ‘Nidhogg’, the dragon-serpent that gnaws at the roots of the World Tree, Iggdrasil.
In regard to the Swedish connection here the Sutton Hoo Mask is clearly so similar to those the Valsgarde 8 helmet/mask that they were likely the same tribe in both areas of England and Sweden. Here we should perhaps note the name ‘Vals-garde’, and this was from the ‘Vendel’ period, Vendel being a province in Uppland, Sweden. This latter name connects to Waendel and the Long Man of Wilmington, another figure linked to Sweden.
In one account Volund and Hervor married and had a son named Heime; thus Witega and Heime (Wudga and Hama) were half-brothers. But there is a lot more to Weland than is obvious within the one Myth of Volund. Wayland is the son of Wade, a ‘giant’ who gave his name to Watling Street, one of the Royal Roads of Britain, the one linking England to Wales. The names Wade, Wate, and Wada all refer to the father of Weland the Smith.
In the Old English Widsith on line 22 we find – Wada Haelsingum which translates ‘Wada ruled the Haelsingas’. The figure of the Cerne Abbas Giant (Herne the Hunter/Orion the Hunter) was called Heil by the Saxons in this area, a name that suggests maybe that such a Tribal God existed and gave his name to the Haelsingas. Wade forded the deep channel of Groenasund between two Danish islands, carrying his son Weland upon his shoulders. Weland, his son, is also said to have ‘strode through waters nine yards deep’ with his son, Widia, on his shoulders. Of course, this image is that of ‘St. Christopher’ seen as a man bearing a child upon his shoulders. This ‘Christian’ image is somewhat misleading since in many early images of ‘St. Christopher’ he is shown as healfhunding which means ‘half-hound’ – he is shown with a dog’s head.
Somewhere in all of this lies a connection between Waendel and Weland, although if Waendel is Orwandel, and thus Ivalde (Rydberg), then they are both connected to the Elven-Kin. Weland is certainly an Elven-Smith, taught by Mimir the Giant. In Waldhere Lines 2-3 we find – ‘Weland’s work does not betray any man who can hold Mimming hard’. It is also noticeable that Weland has another trait, not usually recognised of him. The name stems from a IE Root *wela-nandaz meaning ‘battle-brave’, so Weland is not only a smith but a warrior-smith.
Both the names Mimir and Mimming are associated with the ‘memory’ and if the latter sword-name means ‘Memory of Ing’ then we have yet another connection with the Elves, for Ingus is the ‘Lord of the High Elves’. Weland was first taught by Mimir and then by two dwarf-smiths, both the Elves and Dwarves were craftsmen-smiths. The English, especially, were akin to the Elven-Race, as shown by the many names containing AElf/Alf which can still be found amongst the English.
The name ‘Heime’ given to the son of Wieland (German) is interesting because it is that of ‘Hama’ of the English. The pairing of Witega and Heime (German) and Wudga and Hama (English) certainly shows this. Hama we see within Folkish Wodenism as Heimdall, whose name also contains the idea of ‘Home’. Heimdall, according to Rydberg, is the son of Mundilfore; if Mundilfore is Waendel then the connection between Weland and Waendel is again made. A title of Heimdall is Vindler which stems from vinda meaning ‘to twist’, ‘to turn’, ‘to wind’ and relates to the root of Waendel – wend. The root mondil giving Mundilfore means ‘mill-handle’ and ‘fore’ means ‘to ferry’. This is related to the World Mill and to the Precession of the Equinoxes. It is also possible, due to the title ‘Vindler’, that Waendel may be Hama/Heimdall rather than Mundilfore, but as with many myths father and son are sometimes interchangeable.
What needs to be considered here is that the god Mundilfore-Waendel is the ‘World-Turner’ who turns the world through the Precession of the Equinoxes. He sends his son, Hama-Heimdall, down to Earth at certain points of the Cycle of the Ages. Hama-Heimdall manifested as ‘Manu’ in order to bring to our Folk the Divine Order of Caste – the Hierarchical Society of Kon-Earl-Ceorl-Thrall. This archetype is similar to that of Scef (Sheaf) of the English Folk, the Divine King who appeared at the end of the Golden Age.
The name ‘Mundilfore’ is also linked to the Sanskrit pramantha rooted in the term mantha, a name referring to the Fylfot (Swastika); from this word came the Greek Prometheus who aided mankind in getting the Fire from the Gods, only to be punished by the tyrant-god Zeus. The figure of the Long Man of Wilmington is linked to the Cweorth-Rune – the ‘Fire-Twirl’; this, of course, is the pramantha. The World-Mill is found within the Mysteries of the Ior-Rune. The Old English Rune-Row holds many of these mysteries through Yr-Ior-Ear-Cweorth. The Precession of the Equinoxes is related not only to Cyclic Time, but also to the process of the world-ages within a cycle, and the appearance of avatars at the end/beginning of each cycle. Hama-Heimdall would be one such ‘avatar’, Scef would be another.